Janice Lee Romary, top woman fencer in U.S., gives advice to daughter Lisa and son Chip. Mrs. Romary, of Woodland Hills, is in Mexico City competing in her sixth Olympics.
Although Janice never medaled, she was the first woman to compete at six Olympic Games: London 1948, Helsinki 1952, Melbourne 1956, Rome 1960, Tokyo 1964 and Mexico City 1968.
MEETINGS Monday at 4:30pm in Harlan House. Food and discussion. Feel free to bring a friend!
WHO ARE WE? Third Wave Resource Group is a student rights and resource group centered in Harlan House, at Cornell. We are a safe, comfortable environment for community members which provides information, equality and empowerment informed by feminism. We believe feminism is about values & ideals. Empowerment & education. Community building & understanding. (And calling people out on their bullshit).
RESOURCES WE PROVIDE Sexual Assault and Domestic Violence Advocacy, access to Safe Room, emergency transportation, library, kitchen, sewing room, safe zone, and confidentiality.
Asian women are exposed to British racism even before they arrive in Britain. To gain entry permission they have had to go through long and rigorous interviews in the British Embassies in India, Pakistan and Bangladesh. They have had to undergo the ordeal of answering absurd and very intimate questions about themselves, their husbands and their families. Questions such as ‘How long did you spend with your husband on the wedding night?’ are common, and if either partner makes the slightest misjudgement then entry permission is refused. In 1978, there was an exposé of the vaginal examinations carried out on Asian women to determine whether they were married or not, and to determine whether they were fiancées of men already settled in England. This was not a new phenomenon; complaints had previously been lodged against the Home Office but without any results. It was only when the liberal press had taken it up as a moral and sensational issue that there was some publicity. Examinations to ‘prove’ whether a woman is a virgin can only be seen as acts of violence and intimidation by the British state.
This ‘testing’ is based on the racist and sexist assumption that Asian women from the subcontinent are always virgins before they get married and that it is ‘not in their culture for women to engage in sexual activity before marriage’. This kind of absurd generalization is based on the same stereotype of the submissive, meek and tradition-bound Asian woman. Many Asian people are also given chest X-rays before they enter the country to ‘ensure that they are not carrying any serious and contagious disease’. These are also used to prove the identity of people wishing to settle in Britain. X-rays on pregnant Asian women have been carried out by untrained entry clearance officers in Dacca. X-rays are only ever carried out on pregnant women in ‘exceptional circumstances when either the child or the mother’s life is believed to be at risk’. The fact that the immigration officers administer them quite haphazardly on pregnant Asian women is only one example of the racism not only of individual officers but also the structural and institutional racism of the British state. Such practices also indicate the direct control the state is attempting to have on Asian women’s sexuality.
A lot of women’s history related pages are poorly sourced or non-existent on Wikipedia. Wikipedia is so many people’s go to source that it is a big oversight (and might have to do with the huge gender imbalance among Wikipedia editors).
Below is a list of entries I’ve found to be non-existent or lacking. I don’t have time to create or edit them myself, but editing Wikipedia pages is a pretty common school assignment and there may already be some Wikipedia editors among my followers. So I’m putting the suggestions out there.
This tumblr doesn’t meet Wikipedia sourcing standards, but I’ve linked to my own posts so you know what information can be found as a starting point. In other words, cutting and pasting my posts isn’t a way to improve Wikipedia so please don’t do it.
If you put together Wikipedia pages for any of the women listed, let me know when you’re done and I’ll post a link for my followers.
Lucy Gwynne Branham was a noteworthy US suffragette but doesn’t have a Wikipedia page. My post on Lucy in which I complain about her lack of a Wikipedia page.
Sharon Hedrick lacks a Wikipedia page despite several noteworthy firsts in wheelchair sports. My post about her.
Elsie Hill is mentioned on her husband’s entry, but lacks her own entry. My post on her suffrage activities. Elsie’s sister Helena was also a well known suffragette but lacks a Wikipedia entry. My post (with several sources linked though the photo is actually her daughter).
Cora Dow has no Wikipedia page, but was important enough in her day for Howard Taft to eulogize her. My post.
Ruth Elder lacks a Wikipedia page, despite a career in both film and aviation. My post.
Verna Erikson doesn’t have a Wikipedia page in either English or Finnish, but was an icon of White Finland (white being a political movement). My post.
The entry on the Women’s Land Army of America (Farmerettes) needs some serious expansion. My Farmerette post. (I have a few other drafts if anyone decides to tackle this one)
Princess Stephanie of Belgium has a Wikipedia page, but it fails to mention that was an inventor. My post, with link to a NYT article about her patent.
List of women firsts could use some serious work, such as listing all the the first female Nobel Prize winners.
LGBTQ* History You Might Have Missed in Art Class
Peter Gluck (1895-1978)
Gluck, an English trans* artist, born a wealthy and close-knit Jewish family, was a noted floral painter. His most well known work came later in life with Medallion, which featured Gluck and his long time partner of 34 years, Edith Shackleton Heald. Gluck also painted the Vigo Press cover of Well of Loneliness.
Take, for example, a controversial piece of history that relates directly to the current political debates: women’s control over reproduction. Birth control, if taught at all in our schools, is usually segregated in health classes. But women’s control over childbearing has actually been a key issue in U.S. history. As the women’s rights movement grew before the Civil War, white middle-class women became interested in controlling how many children they had in order to be able to extend their experiences beyond the home. For black and Native American women, control of their bodies meant primarily the ability to make choices about fertility that weren’t dominated by rape and the inability to keep their children safe and free. In the early 20th century, when Margaret Sanger first started handing out birth control—a crime for which she was repeatedly arrested—she saw it as part of a larger fight for the emancipation of the poor. But, only a few years later, influenced by the eugenics movement that fueled Jim Crow at home and imperial designs abroad, she was defining the “chief issue of birth control” as “more children from the fit, less from the unfit.” A generation later, many activists fighting for the legalization of abortion ignored the sterilization of black women in the South, Native American women on reservations, and colonized women in Puerto Rico.
What a rich, complex historical vein—all the contradictions around gender, class, and race that lie at the heart of supporting students to think critically about history and social justice strategies. When we open up history in this way, we encompass gender issues, homophobia, and LGBTQ history. Many aspects of current society that don’t show up in the standard curriculum—mass incarceration, poverty and the welfare system, the impact of militarization at home and abroad—are arenas where an exploration from a more feminist perspective can connect to students’ lives and expose them to a more expansive view of what history is and why it matters.
Congressman Mike Kelly compared the August 1st birth-control mandate to Pearl Harbor. Senate Pro Tempore Daniel Inouye, a witness to Pearl Harbor, World War II veteran, and Medal of Honor winner, responded. A history lesson ensued.
LGBTQ* History You (Probably) Never Heard Of
New Orleans, the Fire and the Eraser
* Trigger Warning: murder, arson, homophobia, church refusal
The (arson?/fire?) made the newspaper on one day. After details were shared the day after the fire, the story never made New Orleans’ print again.
Filed by Jesse Monteagudo
On June 24, 1973 an arsonist started a fire that consumed the UpStairs Lounge, a second-floor gay bar in New Orleans’s French Quarter. The UpStairs Lounge Fire was both the deadliest fire in the history of New Orleans and the largest mass-killing of gay people in the US.
Among the 31 men and one woman who died in the fire were members of the local Metropolitan Community Church, who frequented the Lounge after services for its Sunday “beer bust.” (One particularly grisly photo was of MCC Pastor William R. Larson, who burned to death while trying to escape through a window.)
The UpStairs Lounge Fire showed New Orleans at its homophobic worst as many families refused to claim the victims’ bodies and most local churches refused to conduct their funerals. MCC founder Troy Perry and other activists rushed to New Orleans to help bury the victims who, as many locals thought, “got what they deserved.”
“Inez Milholland [Boissevain], center, as she begins her last speaking trip for [National Woman’s] party, 1916”
Very cool display in the newberry library.
Photo from this photo gallery. These are part of the book At the Dark End of the Street: Black Women, Rape, and Resistance - a new History of the Civil Rights Movement from Rosa Parks to the Rise of Black Power
“Danielle McGuire writes about the rape in 1944 of a twenty-four-year-old mother and sharecropper, Recy Taylor, who strolled toward home after an evening of singing and praying at the Rock Hill Holiness Church in Abbeville, Alabama.”
By the summer of 1944, a large number of Russian women were inducted into the Red Army due to a severe shortage of men. A number of women ended up in armor units, after being recruited from tank plants where they worked. They were already well trained as drivers, but some later rose in rank to command tank units. To the right is Guards Lieutenant Verla.P. Orlova who commanded the ISU-122 in the background with her husband Lieutenant Nikolai.N. Orlova who served as the vehicle driver. Their Guards self-propelled artillery regiment served with the 3rd Baltic Front in October 1944. Women made up 10% of Red Army strength by the end of the war, though the majority were used in non-combat roles.
Portrait of Louise Marie-Therese (The Black Nun of Moret)
Along with the Man in the Iron Mask, the French royalty has another mystery: Louise Marie-Therese. There is strong circumstantial evidence that her mother was the Queen of France sired by her page, an African midget. At this time in history it was popular for women at court to have such as pages. Read the following excerpt from Wikipedia for a fair summary on this story:
‘La Grande Mademoiselle tells that the child could be of the black page Nabo, of whom the Queen was very fond. The adultery thesis is not considered likely, as the Queen was a very pious woman, and there is no knowledge of even the slightest mistake of hers. It would be very difficult in Versailles to have a liaison and even to give birth in secret. Every Royal birth happened in public, in the Queen’s bedchambers, with all courtiers present as witnesses. The little princess Marie-Anne was born (16 November 1664) with a dark skin caused by cyanosis, and died shortly after birth (26 December 1664). Some say that the baby remained black, and had been changed with a dead girl, to avoid scandal. According to Madame, wife of Louis XIV’s brother, her husband said that the child was not black at all but very ugly. In any case, although the story about the black daughter of Maria Theresa is unconfirmed, it was still persistent and believed by many.
Saint-Simon mentions that her convent was visited sometimes by the Queen and later by Madame de Maintenon, he also mentioned that they didn’t always see her but always watch over her welfare. The nun however seemed convinced of her Royal birth, and it is told by Saint-Simon that she once greeted the Dauphin as “my brother”. A letter sent on June 13, 1685, by the Secretary of the House of King to Mister De Bezons, general agent of the clergy, and the pension’s patent of 300 pounds granted by King Louis XIV to the nun Louise Marie-Thérèse on October 15, 1695, “to be paid to her all her life in this convent or everywhere she could be, by the guards of the Royal treasure present and to come” confirm this opinion.’