RIOT GRRRL MOVEMENT; http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=uU1ANLb4QPY
ABOUT - Riot grrrl was an underground feminist punk movement based in Washington, DC, Olympia, Washington, Portland, Oregon, and the greater Pacific Northwest which existed in the early to mid-1990s, and it is often associated with third-wave feminism (it is sometimes seen as its starting point). Riot grrrl bands often address issues such as rape, domestic abuse, sexuality, and female empowerment.
ORIGIN - During the late 1970s and early and mid 1980s there were a number of female punk and rock musicians that later influenced the riot grrrl ethos. In 1987, the magazine Sassy premiered and dealt with tough subjects that conventional magazines aimed at teenage girls did not. An article Women, Sex and Rock and Roll published by “Puncture” in 1989 became the first manifesto of the movement.
ZINES - Riot grrrl’s momentum was also hugely supported by an explosion of creativity in defiantly homemade cut-and-paste, xeroxed, collagey zines that covered a variety of feminist topics, frequently attempting to draw out the political implications of intensely personal experiences with sexism, mental illness, body image and eating disorders, sexual abuse, racism, rape, discrimination, stalking, domestic violence, incest, homophobia, and sometimes vegetarianism. Bands would often reappropriate ordinarily derogatory phrases like ‘cunt’, ‘bitch’, ‘dyke’ and ‘slut’ (the very same words often received from male audience members), writing them proudly on their skin with lipstick or fat markers, thus nullifying their attempted offensive power and making them ultimately harmless and funny.
BANDS PART OF THE RIOT GRRRL MOVEMENT;
7 Year Bitch
Babes in Toyland
Bette Davis and the Balconettes
Cold Cold Hearts
Courtney Love (band)
Death of the Elephant
Emily’s Sassy Lime
Heavens to Betsy
Husbands ‘n’ Knives
Jack Off Jill
The Scissor Girls